EDUARD TUBIN

(June 18, 1905 in Torila – November 17, 1982 in Stockholm)

Composer Eduard Tubin was born in the village of Torila in Tartu county. His education began in Naelavere village school and continued later in Torila Elementary School.

On his brother`s untimely death, Eduard Tubin learned to play the piccolo flute he inherited from his brother. He practised playing it while herding animals. In the years 1920–1926, Tubin studied at Tartu Teachers Seminary, and played the cello in the school orchestra and conducted a choir at the same time.

His interest in music was growing and so he began studying at Tartu Higher Music School in 1924. At first he studied the organ and in a year he started studying composing in Heino Eller`s class. In the years 1926–1930, Tubin worked as a primary school teacher in Nõo. When he graduated from the Music School in 1930, he began his independent musician`s career in Tartu.

In addition to composing, Eduard Tubin was active at Vanemuine Theatre for 14 years (1931–1944), at first as a rehearsal pianist and later as a conductor.

Like many Estonians of similar fate, Eduard Tubin fled to Sweden together with his family in 1944. In Sweden, he continued his creative work. He worked for years in the Drottningholm Royal Court Theatre Museum. During the years of exile, Tubin conducted the Stockholm Estonian Male Choir for 15 years.
After having gone to Sweden, Eduard Tubin visited Estonia for the first time in 1961. Later on he visited Estonia on eight occasions, mainly when his work was performed.